Functional Biomechanics of the Lower extremity

 The study of Biomechanics is fundamental to the study of all human activity. Altered lower extremity mechanics can frequently contribute to various musculoskeletal conditions. Understanding how abnormal limb function can contribute to the mechanisms of specific joint dysfunction is essential for the evaluation and treatment of common orthopaedic disorders. This evidence-based course will review the anatomy and mechanics of the lower kinetic chain, particularly in relation to specific pathologies of the ankle, knee and hip. Emphasis will be placed on current research findings in the areas of gait analysis, lower limb function, and joint biomechanics. Implications for the evaluation and treatment of various musculoskeletal conditions will be addressed.

Course Objectives/Learning Outcomes

At the conclusion of the course the participant will be able to:

  1. Describe the normal anatomy and biomechanics of the foot/ankle, knee and hip.
  2. Describe the normal interactions of the hip, knee, ankle and foot during functional movements.
  3. Describe common lower movement impairments during functional movements.
  4. Describe the current research literature related to the mechanisms of lower extremity injury.
  5. Plan appropriate treatment interventions based on a biomechanical assessment of the lower extremity.
  6. Understand ideal and potential biomechanical faults  their relationship with lower limb injuries
  7. Improve clinical reasoning when choosing a treatment plan for lower limb injuries


This high practical course will give you the skills and knowledge to diagnose and manage biomechanical deficits associated with lower limb injuries. The course explores ideal lower limb biomechanics, provide an overview of how common biomechanical faults link to injury, and how to identify and address them in a clinical setting. The evidence behind, and practical application of interventions including prefabricated foot orthoses prescription, taping, movement pattern retraining, exercise rehabilitation, and adjunctive manual therapy for common lower limb injuries are explored.